On the Occasion of World Food Day 2017:
What is needed for designing food policies?
PERSOL's Food Products Dept_Food security is one of the key elements affecting the national security of any country. The conditions in which all individuals from any social groups at any time have physical and economic access to a certain (calculable) amount of safe and secure food that they need for having an active and healthy lifestyle. In spite of the fact that more than enough food is produced in the world to feed everyone, the number of undernourished people on the planet increased to 815 million, up from 777 million in 2015
.Over the past ten years, the number of natural hazards such as droughts and floods in line with political conflicts and migration increased significantly, leading to food production and availability crisis. In the "Rome Declaration on World Food Security" in 1996, the emphasis was placed on the commitment of each country to ensure citizenship in access to adequate and nutritious food products, which means that food security should be one of the main objectives in any government's economic and agricultural policies, and only through this way, the national food system of each country will lead to its independence and ideality. Global efforts to stabilize the state of food (production and redistribution) and increase reliability (the ability of the national food system to minimize the seasonal impact, climate, and other fluctuations in the supply of food) in terms of food security is a continuous process that, in order to achieve it, the priorities of development and mechanisms for implementing agricultural policy are often changed. Accordingly, in designing food policies that address the challenges of sustainable development, not only production, trade, storage and processing, but also the equitable distribution of basic food products and the social development of rural areas should be considered, which is why Food and Agriculture Organization has focused on Migration as the theme of world food day 2017. They or truly of the opinion that rural development can address factors compelling people to move by creating business opportunities and jobs for young people. Considering the fact that nearly 56 percent of the population in countries affected by food crisis live in rural areas, supporting small holder farmers and building resilience in rural communities become crucial.